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How did your life collide with the headlines in 2007?
Iraq, the subprime crisis, Facebook, immigration, oil prices - 2007 had no shortage of hefty headlines. We'd like to hear about how these and other major news events of the past year affected you. Where did your life collide with the news in 2007?

What's your holiday performance story?
The office talent show, the neighborhood caroling posse, the school pageant ... At holiday time we often sing, dance, and dress as shepherds. Did you bloom in the warmth of your audience's adulation, or freeze up like the snowman you'd rather be building? Did your holiday performance change your life or that of someone close to you?

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Timeline | Events leading up to the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
1939   »»»»»»    August 2 - Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt about efforts by Nazi Germany's attempt to purify U-235 that could eventually be used to build an atomic bomb.
(Photo: Toru Yamanaka / AFP / © Getty Images)

September 1 - World War II begins when the Germans invaded Poland. The official declaration of war by the British and French was made on September 3, 1939.

1941   »»»»»»    February 23 - Plutonium is discovered by Glenn Seaborg.

October 9 - Vannevar Bush, head of the National Defense Research Committee, briefs President Roosevelt and Vice President Henry A. Wallace about atomic bomb research. Roosevelt asks for further research.

December 7 - Pearl Harbor, the largest U.S. naval base in the Pacific, is attacked by Japanese warplanes commanded by Vice Admiral Chuichi Magumo. Over 2,400 people were killed in the unexpected attack.
(Photo: © Getty Images)

December 8 - President Franklin Roosevelt gives a speech to Congress and urges them to declare war on Japan. Great Britain also declared war on Japan.

December 19 - Germany and Italy declare war on the United States.

1942   »»»»»»    January 19 - Roosevelt approves Vannevar Bush's report from November 27, 1941 to produce the atomic bomb.
(Photo: AFP / © Getty Images)

March 18 - The War Relocation Authority is established in the United States. They will gather about 120,000 Japanese Americans and taken them to internment camps. However, 17,000 Japanese Americans still sign up to fight for the United States in World War II.

June 4-5 - Battle of Midway was a turning point in the war where the United States gained a major victory against Japan.

August 7 - The United States begins the initiative on the Pacific islands, landing at Guadalcanal.

August 13 - The Manhattan Engineer District, later known as the Manhattan Project, is established in New York City.
(Photo: Atomic Energy Commission)

September 17 - Colonel Leslie R. Groves is appointed head of the Manhattan Engineer District.

November 25 - Col. Groves chooses Los Alamos, New Mexico as the bomb laboratory. J. Robert Oppenheimer is named the laboratory director.

December 28 - President Roosevelt approves the production details to begin producing atomic weapons.



1943   »»»»»»    March - Researchers begin arriving in Los Alamos, New Mexico and begin the process to design the bomb.

September 8 - Italy surrenders to Allied forces

1944   »»»»»»    March - Model bombs are tested in Los Alamos.

June 6 - Allied forces invade Normandy.
(Photo: AFP / © Getty Images)

August 7 - Vannevar Bush informs General George C. Marshall that a uranium bomb could be ready by August 1, 1945.

September - President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill agree to continue research on atomic technology by signing an "aide memoire."

1945   »»»»»»    February 19 - The United States Marines invade Iwa Jima.

March - Firebombing in Tokyo results with 100,000 casualties.

April 12 - President Roosevelt dies and Harry Truman is named President.
(Photo: AFP / © Getty Images)

April 27 - Four target cities are named by the Target Committee of the Manhattan Project: Kyoto, Hiroshima, Kokura, and Niigata.

May 7 - The German forces in Europe surrender.

May 23 - Firebombing in Tokyo leaves 83,000 dead.

June 6 - Secretary of War Henry Stimson advises President Truman the Interim Committee recommends keeping the atomic bomb a secret and using it without warning.

July 16 - Scientists in Los Alamos successfully test the world's first atomic bomb detonation, known as the Trinity test, in Alamogordo, New Mexico.

July 21 - President Truman orders atomic bombs to be used.

July 26 - Leaders of the United States, China, and Great Britain asks for Japan to surrender unconditionally in the Potsdam Declaration but the Japanese refuse on July 29.

August 6 - The uranium based atomic bomb named "Little Boy" was dropped on Hiroshima by the Enola Gay, a Boeing B-29 bomber, at 8:15 in the morning. Estimates vary; approximately 80,000 - 100,000 people were killed immediately.

August 8 - Russia declares war on Japan.

August 9 - The plutonium based atomic bomb, "Fat Man," is dropped on Nagasaki. The bomb's original target was Kokura but due to bad weather it was changed to Nagasaki.

August 14 - Japan surrenders.
(Photo: AFP / © Getty Images)

September 2 - The Japanese officially surrenders signing the Instrument of Surrender on the U.S.S. Missouri In Tokyo Bay.

October - Edward Teller, referred to as the "father of the hydrogen bomb," asked J. Robert Oppenheimer to help build a new hydrogen bomb but Oppenheimer refused.










1946   »»»»»»    August 1 - President Truman signs the Atomic Energy Act of 1946.  
1947   »»»»»»    August 15 - The Manhattan Engineer District is abolished.

December 31 - The National Defense Research Committee and the Office of Scientific Research and Development is abolished and their responsibilities are given to the Department of Defense.

Resources   »»»»»»    Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum

Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum

National Atomic Museum, NM

National Testing

Children of the Manhattan Project

Atomic Archives

NHK Peace Archives

Web-only audio    audio iconInterview with Dr. James Yamazake
Weekend America's Bill Radke visited with Dr. James Yamazake to talk about his experiences as a pediatrician in Nagasaki. He went there in 1948 to study the long term effects of the atomic bomb. Dr. Yamazake now lives with his wife Aki in Van Nuys, California.

audio iconReading
Author Naomi Hirahara reads from her book Summer of the Big Bachi
Special thanks    We'd like to thank Angela Kim for research, production assistance, a cheerful outlook and an amazing capacity for producing quality work.  
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