After the American Civil War, thousands of black churchgoers received handbills on Sundays describing a promised land for colored people in Kansas and Oklahoma -- the ads called it " the finest country ever seen" with nine months of summer.
Some believed, and between 1865 and 1920 towns founded by African Americans -- most of them emancipated slaves -- flourished in the former Indian territories. Only about 15 of these all black towns still exist.
One of them is in Northwestern Kansas and it's called Nicodemus. It was founded in 1877 and was the first post-Civil War black settlement in Kansas.
Photo Credit: Courtesy Library of Congress